Arthur Burns was an American Economist whos career alternated between academia and government. He served as the 10th Chairman of the Federal Reserve from February 1, 1970 to March 8, 1978, and as US Ambassador to West Germany from June 30, 1981 to May 16, 1985.
Burns was born to Polish-Jewish parents in 1904. His mother was Sarah Juran, and his father, Nathan Burnseig, was a house painter. Burns showed signs of high intelligence in his childhood; he translated the Talmud to Polish and Russian by age 6, and was debating socialism at age 9.1https://people.com/archive/why-is-arthur-burns-of-the-fed-smiling-he-sees-recovery-vol-3-no-14/