Update: Ruth Bader Ginsburg passed away on September 18, 2020.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg is an American lawyer and jurist who currently serves as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Ginsburg to her current position by then-president Bill Clinton. On August 10, 1993, she was sworn into office as the second female to ever hold that position. From 2006 to 2009, Ginsburg was the only female in the court.1https://www.politico.com/story/2019/09/03/ruth-bader-ginsburg-court-1479994 During this period, she became more outspoken in her dissents, which was noted by both legal observers and the general public.
Ginsburg is considered a liberal judge; during the Trump presidency, she is doing everything she can to maintain he position as the courts liberal leader. Otherwise, she may be replaced by a conservative candidate.2https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/09/20/ruth-bader-ginsburg-supreme-courts-liberal-leader-unbowed-cancer/2367040001/
RBG was born in Brooklyn, New York. She earned her Bachelor’s degree at Cornell University, and went on to study law at Harvard. She ended up transferring to Columbia Law School, and graduated in a tie for first in her class. She then turned to academia, becoming a professor at Rutger’s Law School as well as Columbia Law School, where she taught civil procedure. She was quite notably one of the few women in her field.
Ginsburg has advocated for the advancement of gender equality and womens rights for a considerable part of her legal career. She has won multiple victories regarding those and other civil rights in Supreme Court arguments.
In United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (1996), Ginsburg authored the majority opinion that the Virginia Military Insitute would have to end it’s males-only admission policy. The reasoning used was that the institute did not have a compelling reason to segregate it’s facilities based on gender, and thus violated the 14th amendment. 3https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/518/515/
In the past few years, Ginsburg’s health has been endangered by a series of hospitalizations4https://www.politico.com/news/2019/11/23/ruth-bader-ginsburg-taken-to-hospital-073147, most recently a gallstone.5https://www.politico.com/news/2020/05/05/justice-ruth-bader-ginsburg-hospitalized-239369 She has made it out of each one declaring herself determined to continue her fight for equality and justice.