“Power couples – Booth-Garza” – Jewish Women’s Archive
“Black Lives Matter – ‘Loose Organization'” – Wikipedia (Lists the three co-founders of the Black Lives Matter Network, who are on the image)
Michael Schwerner was one of three Congress of Racial Equality field/social workers killed in Philadelphia. Civil Rights activists were resented and held under suspicion by white Mississippians. Spies paid by the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission, a taxpayer-funded agency, kept track of all northerners and suspected activists.
Andrew Goodman worked with Michael Schwerner too work on a project of the Congress of Racial Equality to register black people to vote in Mississippi.
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Henry Moskowitz was a co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
He was founding Executive Director of the League of New York Theatres which eventually became The Broadway League, the organization known for producing the Tony Awards.
In 1914, New York City mayor John Purroy Mitchel appointed him president of the Municipal Service Commission.
In 1917, he served as the Commissioner of Public Markets in New York City.
Jacob Schiff, along with H. B. Caflin, Marcellus Hartley, Robert L. Cutting, and Joseph Seligman, he was a founder of the Continental Bank of New York in August 1870.
In 1885, Schiff became head of Kuhn, Loeb & Company. Besides financing such Eastern railroads as the Pennsylvania and the Louisville & Nashville, he took part in the reorganization of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 1896-1899, and at various time aided the American Smelting & Refining Company, the Westinghouse Electric Company, and the Western Union Telegraph Company.
What is Schiff’s most famous financial action was during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). Schiff met Takahashi Korekiyo, deputy governor of the Bank of Japan, in Paris 1904. He subsequently extended loans to the Empire of Japan in the amount of $200M through Kuhn Loeb & Co. Schiff made this loan partly because he believed that gold was not as important as national effort and desire in winning a war, and due to the apparent underdog status of Japan at the Time. It is quite likely, as well, that Schiff saw this loan as a means of answering, on behalf of the Jewish people, the anti-Semitic actions of the Russian Empire.
Julius Rosenwald provided funds to build six small schools in rural Alabama, which were constructed and opened in 1913 and 1914, and overseen by Tuskegee. As the projects were build and for African Americans, they showed Rosenwald’s intention to remain behind the scenes in this effort. Inspired by the social progressivism of Jane Addams, Grace Abbott, Paul J. Sachs, and the Reform Judaism of Emil Hirsch and Julian Mack.
Over the course of his life, Rosenwald donated over $70M to public schools, colleges, universities, museums, Jewish charities, and African American Institutions. The rural school building program was one of the largest programs administered by the Rosenwald Fund. These schools became informally known as “Rosenwald Schools”.
The YMCA in 1910 asked Rosewald to fund a proposal for a new building in Chicago; Roselwald replied that he would only contribute if a center for African Americans was also constructed. The result was the Wabash Avenue YMCA, opened in 1914, which would later become a historic landmark. The Wabash “Y” greatly aided blacks’ integration into Chicago during the Great Migration. It is still operating today.
In 1900, he was called as rabbi to Congregation Beth Israel in Portlant, Oregon. He attacked “many of the social and political ills of contemporary America.” In 1906, concerning another rabbinical appointment, Wise made a major break from the established Reform movement over the “question whether the pulpit shall be free or whether the pulpit shall not be free, and, by reason of its loss of freedom, reft of its power for good”; In 1907 he established his Free Synagogue, starting the “free Synagogue” movement.
Joining U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, Felix Frankfurter, and others, Wise laid the groundwork for a democratically elected, nationwide organization of ‘ardently Zionist’ Jews, ‘to represent Jews as a group and not as individuals’.
In 1922, Wise was one of the founding trustees of the Palestine Endowment Funds Inc., along with Julian Mack.