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#147 – Albert Sabin

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In 1939, he moved to Cincinnati Children’s Hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. During World War II, he was a lieutenant coronel in the U.S. Army Medical Corps and helped develop a vaccine against Japanese encephalitis. Maintaining his association with Children’s Hospital, by 1946, he had also become the head of Pediatric Research at the University of Cincinnati.1

In 1969 – 1972, he lived in Israel, serving as President of Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot. After his return to the United States, he worked (from 1974 – 1982) as a research professor at the Medical University of South Carolina.

For the trivalent oral vaccine consisting of attenuated strains of all three types of the poliovirus, the President of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded the highest civilian honors, the medal of the Order of Friendship Among Peoples. 2

#146 – Jonas Salk

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Jonas Salk was an American virologist famous for his development of one of the first successful polio vaccines.

In 1947, Salk was granted his own lab at the University of Pittsburg School of Medicine, which he soon turned into a working virology laboratory.

The vaccine first came into use in 1955, and in the following years Salk refused to patent his vaccine to increase its distribution.

In 1963, the Salk Institute for Biological Studies was named in his honor and opened in San Diego1History of Salk – Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

#145 – Benjamin Rubin

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Benjamin Rubin was an American microbiologist, famous for his invention of the pronged vaccination needle.

In 1965, Rubin was working for Wyeth Laboratories1Benjamin A. Rubin. It was then when he considered alternatives to the conventional needle and refined it to create a more fork-shaped needle.

Throughout his life, Rubin earned several more patents in radiation devices, vaccines, chemistry, and microbiology.