German communist politician.
Leading member of the Communist Party of Germany.
Scholem was a member of the German Reichstag from 1924 to 1928. He was arrested by the Nazis when they took power in 1933, deported to Buchenwald in 1938, and later executed by the SS along with Ernst Heilmann, another Jewish former Reichstag member.
Werner Scholem - Wikipedia
"1895: A Jew Who Would Thanklessly Head Germany's Communist Party Is Born" - Haaretz (2016)